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As government agencies are being faced with severe budget cuts, many do not realize that the actual costs involved in document output. Due to the use of multiple vendors and or multiple machines non-strategically placed within the print environment government agencies are un-aware of their true document output costs. More often than not, document output is the last largest unmanaged expense of cities, schools, courts and many other government locations. If monitored and managed effectively government agencies are in position to increase productivity, increase profitability and decrease downtime all of which translates into reduced document output costs. Through proprietary technology, Integrated Print Management Solutions provides the ability to evaluate your print environment using real cost points, usage trends and productivity analysis to develop a cost effective all-inclusive solution to how your government entity procures print.

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Who Is Required to Buy Recycled Products?

Under RCRA section 6002 (a), the requirement to purchase an EPA-designated product containing recovered materials applies to “procuring agencies” that spend more than $10,000 a year on that item. Procuring agencies include all federal agencies, and any state or local agency or government contractor that uses appropriated federal funds. For example, if a county agency spends more than $10,000 a year on an EPA-designated item and part of that money is from appropriated federal funds, then the agency must purchase that item made from recovered materials.

The requirement to purchase EPA-designated products applies regardless of the acquisition mechanism used (e.g., it applies to simplified acquisitions or purchases made with government purchase cards). It also applies to the purchase of services in which the EPA-designated products could be supplied or used.

CPG Categories and Designated Items

(Items in italics were designated in CPG V)

Paper and Paper Products
Vehicular Products
Engine Coolants
Rebuilt Vehicular Parts
Re-refined Lubricating Oils
Retread Tires
Construction Products
Building Insulation Products
Carpet Cushion
Cement and Concrete Containing Coal Fly Ash, Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag, Cenospheres, or Silica Fume
Consolidated and Reprocessed Latex Paint
Floor Tiles
Flowable Fill
Laminated Paperboard
Modular Threshold Ramps
Nonpressure Pipe
Patio Blocks
Polyester Carpet
Railroad Grade Crossing Surfaces
Roofing Materials
Shower and Restroom Dividers and Partitions
Structural Fiberboard
Transportation Products
Flexible Delineators
Parking Stops
Traffic Barricades
Traffic Cones
Park and Recreation Products
Park Benches and Picnic Tables
Plastic Fencing
Playground Equipment
Playground Surfaces
Running Tracks
Landscaping Products
Compost Made From Recovered Organic Materials
Fertilizer Made From Recovered Organic Materials
Garden and Soaker Hoses
Hydraulic Mulch
Lawn and Garden Edging
Plastic Lumber Landscaping Timbers and Posts
Nonpaper Office Products
Binders (plastic covered, chipboard, and pressboard)
Office Furniture
Office Recycling Containers
Office Waste Receptacles
Plastic Binders
Plastic Clipboards
Plastic Clip Portfolios
Plastic Desktop Accessories
Plastic Envelopes
Plastic File Folders
Plastic Presentation Folders
Plastic Trash Bags
Printer Ribbons
Toner Cartridges- Required under RCRA 6002
Miscellaneous Products
Awards and Plaques
Bike Racks
Blasting Grit
Industrial Drums
Manual-grade Strapping

Affirmative Procurement Program – RCRA section 6002

Affirmative procurement—or buying recycled—is an agency’s strategy for maximizing its purchases of EPA-designated items. The affirmative procurement program also should ensure that designated items purchased are composed of as much recovered materials as possible. Programs should be flexible enough to incorporate newly designated items, and must consist of the following components:

  • A recovered materials preference program.
  • An agency promotion program.
  • Procedures for obtaining estimates and certifications of recovered materials content and, where appropriate, reasonably verifying those estimates and certifications.*
  • A program to monitor and annually review the effectiveness of the affirmative procurement program

Additionally, within 1 year following EPA designation of an item, procuring agencies must revise their specifications to require the use of recovered materials to the maximum extent possible without jeopardizing the intended end use of the item.

Green Purchasing Program

Green Purchasing Program (GPP): Under E.O. 13243, agencies are required to develop and implement comprehensive green purchasing plans for purchasing green products and services, including the EPA-designated recycled-content products. A GPP is an agency’s strategy for maximizing its purchases of green products and services, including EPA-designated items. The plan should be developed in a manner that ensures that green products and services are purchased to the maximum extent practicable consistent with federal procurement law.

Several statutes address elements of the federal green purchasing program, including RCRA, the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (FSRIA), and the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and 2002 (EPAct). Rather than addressing these requirements separately, the Office of Management and Budget and the Office of the Federal Environmental Executive (OFEE) require agencies to develop a comprehensive GPP to address acquisition of products and services. The Office of Federal Procurement Policy, OFEE, and EPA believe that developing a single GPP will substantially reduce procuring agencies’ administrative burdens under RCRA, FSRIA, and EPAct that result from item designations. In addition, CPG background documents and supporting analyses to each CPG update include detailed guidance on establishing affirmative procurement programs. See page 6 for information on accessing these and other helpful resources.

* The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) requires standard contract language to obtain estimates, certifications, and verifications of recovered materials content of products provided under a contract. See page 5 of this guide for more information

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